Public Health Informatics


Public Health Informatics DegreeAccording to most experts predicting the development of science and technology, 21st century must become the century of communication, which means the widespread use of global information systems. The use of such systems in public health opens a qualitatively new methods that provide for achieving the following goals:

  • Ensure interoperability of regional clinics to large medical centers;
  • Prompt receipt of the results of recent research;
  • Efficient training and retraining.

These features can be characterized by one common concept – they rely on public health informatics. It is a complex of modern medical diagnostic techniques that provide automated control of medical information, its monitoring, recording and analysis.

With the advent of network technology medical informatics has received a powerful impetus to its development. The specific cause of the breakthrough was the practice of medical informatics in the rapid development of communication networks, and methods of working with information that allowed the two to provide and multilateral exchange of video and audio information and any supporting documentation.

The simplest case is the implementation of public health informatics is quick access to the necessary background information for the doctors. The main application of remote medical informatics is to serve those populations that were far from medical centers or have limited access to medical services.

Another important object of public health is system diagnostic centers in the regions when there is a necessity for operative relationship between the physician and the physician-diagnostician, but they are working in different hospitals, often separated by great distances.

One more significant area of health informatics are first-aid situations with complicated cases that require urgent consultation of experts from the central health facilities in order to save the patient or determine the therapeutic approach in difficult situations, including the worlds largest medical centers.

The most promising trends in the development of public health informatics can be expressed with the notion of “model-driven architecture” (MDA). Philosophy of this approach lies in the fact that in a complex system can not anticipate all possible scenarios, the future development of the system, etc. It is therefore advisable to develop some object model common to all participants and define the principles of building and integrating applications into the system.

MDA addresses these issues by separating the tasks of design and implementation. This allows us to rapidly develop and deploy new specification of interaction with new technologies deployed, based on proven models reliably. The process of creating information is a typical MDA formed the development cycle of any complex project information: the phase of requirements engineering the analysis phase the phase of implementation. Within each phase specific questions are being worked out for overall compliance, consistency and functionality.

All in all, the career in public health connected with informatics is on the side of innovations, technical challenges and rewarded efficiency.

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